State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom or ROSATOM is one the global technological leaders. It is a multi-industry holding comprising assets in power engineering, machine engineering and construction, among others. In November 2020, Rosatom launched the National Quantum Laboratory, a federal project that aims to develop a quantum computer by the end of 2024. Seven leading research centers have already joined the consortium and more participants are expected. The lab will help Russian scientists in the creation of a 30-100 qubit quantum computer by the end of 2024 and potentially a universal computing machine with several hundred qubits, which could solve problems important for the economy.